GHS hazard pictograms

 

Are one of the key elements for the labelling of containers under the GHS. Hazard pictograms form part of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).

 

 

Physical hazards pictograms

 

 

 

Explosive

Usage

  • Unstable explosives
  • Explosives, divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures, types A, B
  • Organic peroxides, types A, B

Further information: Explosive material

 

 

 

 

 

Flammable

Usage

 

  • Flammable gases, category 1
  • Flammable aerosols, categories 1, 2
  • Flammable liquids, categories 1, 2, 3
  • Flammable solids, categories 1, 2
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures, types B, C, D, E, F
  • Pyrophoric liquids, category 1
  • Pyrophoric solids, category 1
  • Self-heating substances and mixtures, categories 1, 2
  • Substances and mixtures, which in contact with water, emit flammable gases, categories 1, 2, 3
  • Organic peroxides, types B, C, D, E, F
  • Further information: Flammability

 

Usage

 

Oxidizing

  • Oxidizing gases, category 1
  • Oxidizing liquids, categories 1, 2, 3
  • Oxidizing solids, categories 1, 2, 3

Further information: Oxidizing agent

 

Usage

 

Compressed Gas

  • Compressed gases
  • Liquefied gases
  • Refrigerated liquefied gases
  • Dissolved gases

 

Corrosive

Usage

 

  • Corrosive to metals, category 1
  • Further information: Corrosive substance

 

no pictogram required

Usage

 

  • Explosives, divisions 1.5, 1.6
  • Flammable gases, category 2
  • Self-reactive substances and mixtures, type G (see HAZMAT Class 4 Flammable solids)
  • Organic peroxides, type G

 

 

Health hazards pictograms

 

 

Toxic

Usage

  • Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1, 2, 3

 

Corrosive

Usage

  • Skin corrosion, categories 1A, 1B, 1C
  • Serious eye damage, category 1

 

Irritant

Usage

  • Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4
  • Skin irritation, categories 2, 3
  • Eye irritation, category 2A
  • Skin sensitization, category 1
  • Specific target organ toxicity following single exposure, category 3
    • Respiratory tract irritation
    • Narcotic effects

Not used

  • with the "skull and crossbones" pictogram
  • for skin or eye irritation if:
    • the "corrosion" pictogram also appears
    • the "health hazard" pictogram is used to indicate respiratory sensitization

 

Usage

Health hazard

  • Respiratory sensitization, category 1
  • Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
  • Carcinogenicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
  • Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A, 1B, 2
  • Specific target organ toxicity following single exposure, categories 1, 2
  • Specific target organ toxicity following repeated exposure, categories 1, 2
  • Aspiration hazard, categories 1, 2

no pictogram required

Usage

  • Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 5
  • Eye irritation, category 2B
  • Reproductive toxicity – effects on or via lactation

 

 

Environmental hazards pictograms

 

 

Environmentally damaging

Usage

  • Acute hazards to the aquatic environment, category 1
  • Chronic hazards to the aquatic environment, categories 1, 2

 

no pictogram required

Usage

  • Acute hazards to the aquatic environment, categories 2, 3
  • Chronic hazards to the aquatic environment, categories 3, 4